Multi-faceted fitnah in the present Muslim world
All the followers of pseudo-ideologies have tried to make people believe that their doctrines are genuinely from God. Obviously, this is not the true.
Any radical and extremist movement turned back from God and His words. Allah says the following about this:
“Those are the ones who have purchased error [in exchange] for guidance, so their transaction has brought no profit, nor were they guided” (Surat Al-Baqarah, 16);
“And [remember] when Satan made their deeds pleasing to them and said, “No, one can overcome you today from among the people, and indeed, I am your protector” (Surat Al-Anfal, 48).
Satan made their deeds pleasing to them and obnubilated their mind. God Almighty says to us:
“Because of that, We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul unless for a soul or for corruption [done] in the land – and it is as if he has slain the mankind entirely. And whoever saves one – it is as if he had saved the mankind entirely” (Al-Ma’idah, 32).
Allah the Merciful tells us that killing one person is like killing the whole mankind. This murder excites Allah’s anger. What about the one who kills dozens, hundreds and thousands of people then?
What is going on in Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Libya, Somalia and Afghanistan? What about setting Lebanon, Algeria, Jordan and Central Asian countries on fire?
Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, taught us that
-The Muslim is the one from whose tongue or hand other people are safe;
-The best (manifestation of your Islam) is feeding people and greeting those who you know and do not know;
-The one whose neighbour is not safe from his evil will not enter Paradise;
-None of you can believe if you do not want for your brother what you want for yourself.
In the history of Islam there were situations when some people tried to illegally seize the power. They seemed to have forgotten that the main Islam principle with regard to power is its sacredness. Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, said that that power is the shadow. In other words, it is a symbol of God on earth. Consequently, a person encroaching upon the power and revolting against it is encroaching against God. Governance and the law guarantees public peace and this adds to each individual inner world. Absence of law is anarchy. Any anarchy leads to disorder. God does not like when there is no order in society and in a person’s soul.
One of the most outstanding Muslim scholars imam Ahmad bin Hanbal believed that it was better to live under tough and strict ruler for a long time, than to live in disorder even one day.
At the very beginning of its establishment as a civil system, Islam faced phenomenon such as “kharijism”. The group of hypocrites aimed at ousting the legal governor and seizing the power in the country. The followers of this separatist movement are called “kharijites” (dissenters, outcasts; literally “those who went out”).
Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, said that every century there would appear someone who would enliven the message of Islam. So it seems quite natural that there are people who try to eliminate the sense of genuine, peaceful and sensible Islam. The Prophet, peace be upon him, said the following about kharijites:
- There will be a huge confusion within my Community. There will not remain one house of the Arabs except that confusion will enter it.
Those who die because of it are in the fire. The harm of the tongue in it will be greater than that of the sword;
- Satan will appear in Najd and the Arabian Peninsula will be shaken in disturbance because of him;
- A man will come out of the Wadi Abu Hanifah in Najd whose appearance is like a bull that lunges against its yoke. There will be much slaughter and killing in his time. They will make possessions of Muslims lawful for themselves and for trade among themselves. They will make the lives of Muslims lawful for themselves and for boasting among themselves. In that confusion the despised and the lowly will attain positions of power. Their idle desires will keep company with them the way a dog keeps company with its master;
- By the end of time there will be people who will tell you what neither you nor your ancestors have ever heard of. Beware of them so that they will not be able to delude and misguide you;
- Some people will be standing and calling at the gates of hell; whoever responds to their call will be thrown into the Fire. They will be from our own people [i.e. Arabs] and will speak our language [Arabic]. Should you live to see them, stick to the Muslim community (jama’a). If there is no jama’a, isolate yourself from all these sects, even if you have to eat from the roots of trees until death overcomes you are in that state;
- There will be dajjals and liers in my community. They will tell you something new what neither you, nor your ancestor have ever heard of. Beware and do not let them misguide you;
- One of the signs that the religion has changed is the eloquent affectation of the crowd and its presence in the palaces of big cities.
“Kharijism” as a phenomenon can be traced through all the Muslim history. However, the colonial repartition of the world in favour of some empires led to the increase of artificially created pseudo-Muslim movements. They deviated from Muslim traditions. The English were pioneers and talented designers of this impious campaign. The most aggressive, blood-thirsty and hypocritical dissenters seem to always have the British trace. Phenomena such as Wahhabism, pseudo-Salafism and “Hizbut-Tahrir al-Islami” are spread all over the world. Yet, the group “Tablighi Jamaat” used to be locally-based movement which was later given the go-ahead for its global activity. Although all the mentioned movements proclaim themselves as being religious, they are no more than political instruments acting as society destabilizers.
Despite the fact that all of the above pseudo-religious groups have been formed on the basis of own central idea and seem to be self-existent, they do have something in common. This allows them to act as a united front in order to achieve their strategic goal. Their common goals allow us to qualify them all as kharijites, i.e. dissenters, outcasts and heretics.
It is worth noting that kharijism and neo-kharijism considerably differ from each other. Similarly, the prefix “neo” needs to be added when talking about modern wahhabists, sulfites and hizbuts. Yet, both kharijism and neo-kharijism means deviation from the traditional Islam. They are dissidents.
Ideologically, kharijism differs from the traditional Islam in a number of fundamental principles.
According to kharijism, Muslims can be accused of being disbelievers for committing major sins. This is not the case according to Islam. Accusing someone of disbelief or takfir opens the door to bloodshed, occupying someone else’s property and any violence towards the accused of disbelief. Kharijites used to adjudicate this way not only with regard a certain person, but also the residents of some settlements and cities.
In other words, takfir is a legalized form of terror. The meaning of this notion is demonstrated in practice is some areas of Iraq and Syria where the impious sectarians proclaimed Satan governance referred to as “Islamic State”.
What are fundamental principles of kharijism that are different from the traditional Islam ideology? They are as follows:
1) As it has already been mentioned, kharijites accuse Muslims of being disbelievers for committing major sins;
2) Having accused Muslims who do not agree with them of being disbelievers, they find it permissible to occupy their property and take away their life;
3) Kharijites find it permissible to rise against a legal ruler of Muslims;
4) Kharijites seek out the rulers’ sins and publicly moralise and discredit them. This way they encourage overall anarchy;
5) Kharijites make claims for knowledge about people’s intentions; they judge people by the inside of their heart;
6) Kharijites believe that they are the only followers of the right track;
7) Kharijites consider the land, where the Muslims who do not recognize their ideology live, as being the land of disbelievers;
8) To justify their beliefs, kharijites put forward weak spurious arguments and vehemently reject any arguments that contradict their ideology;
9) To win hearts of the people, especially the young, they are showing off their asceticism and heartiness which they put into performing religious rituals;
10) Kharijites use high-toned slogans playing concepts such as “jihad”, “shakhid”, etc.;
11) Kharijites ridicule, discredit and accuse eminent respected scholars of disbelief;
12) There are no scholars and thinkers among kharijites;
13) To achieve their goals, kharijites tell lies and misguide ignorant people;
14) Kharijites tend to often change their opinion;
15) Kharijites permit to kill Jews, Christians, Buddhists, Hindus and other non-Muslims who had a peace treaty with Muslims;
16) Kharijites permit to carry out acts of terror against what they believe to be “hostile” civilians.
The list above does not cover all the differences between traditional Islam and kharijism ideology. Nonetheless, it is obvious that kharijism is a misanthropic ideology. It its essence, it presents a new ideology of terror and extremism.
Modern kharijism has a lot of branches in the world. All of them have their own view on the world. However, all of them hate a secular state, Muslims, Christians, Jews and all those who believe in God according to their conscience.
One of the oldest forms of this pseudo-ideology is Wahabism along with its twin-brother Salafism and its categories, such as Takfiri and Madhalism.
Despite the fact that groups such as “Muslim Brotherhood” and “Hizb ut –Tahrir” declare that they follow Islam, they dissented from the Muslim community and represent modern kharijism.
Adapted from oblshkola.ru and islam-today.ru