Russia is for Syrian federation
Russia believes that if Syria becomes a federal state, it would help it to stay united and preserve the sovereignty of the country. This is only possible if Syria is ready for it itself.
At the special press conference on the 27th of February in Moscow, Russian deputy foreign minister Sergei Ryabkov claimed that federalism is able to preserve Syria a united independent and secular state. The conference took place after the truce between the participants of the Syrian conflict. All the parties of the negotiations should agree to this model of the state structure. A prospect outline of the state structure has not been discussed yet. The parties are more worried about the conflicts and confrontations they have with each other. In the words of Sergei Ryabkov, Russia is ready to accept any decision about a future model of the state structure if it is not imposed on the country by someone else.
The Russian deputy foreign minister noted that Moscow has been doing its best by political means to establish peace in Syria since 2012. He also said that Russia was not going to start a ground war in Syria.
The special envoy to the United Nations Staffan de Mistura declared that a new set of negotiations about peaceful reconciliation between the conflicting parties will start on the 7th of March. He pointed out that this would only be possible if the current government would support the ceasefire strategy.
The ceasefire strategy, approved by Russia and the US, has come into force on the 27th of February. Extremists of the ISIS and “Habhat al-Nusra” (both terrorist organisations are forbidden in Russia) are being still bombarded. This regime was supposed to start functioning earlier before, but the so called moderate opposition of other countries refused to discuss the future of Syria with Bashar Assad’s government.