25 years since Kuwait liberation
On the 25th and 26th of February Kuwait celebrated 25 years of the country liberation from the Iraqi occupation. In February of 1991, Kuwait was liberated from Iraq with the help of the international coalition. The invasion of the country lasted 7 months. Two days later, the war in the Persian Gulf was over (1991).
The reason for the war between Baghdad and al-Kuwait was the oil field situated near the border. The president of Iraq Saddam Hussein accused Kuwait of the illegal oil extraction and demanded the neighbouring country to waive all Baghdad’s debts ($14 billion dollars) and on the top of this, pay them $2.5 dollars. Al-Kuwait rejected the accusations and refused to fulfil the demand. This led to the military conflict.
On the 2nd of August 1990, Iraqi started invasion of Kuwait. On the same day, Iraqi special action forces made an attempt to captivate the leader of Kuwait. However, Jaber’s army managed to defeat the attack. This allowed the Emir of Kuwait to flee to Saudi Arabia. As there was almost no resistance, Iraq captured the monarchy within 2 days. As a result of the invasion, Kuwait was initially proclaimed to be a republic. Later, it became the twelfth province of Iraq called “Al-Saddamiya”.
The UN Security Council passed the resolution condemning Iraqi aggression and invasion of Iraq. The UN introduced sanctions and trade embargo against Baghdad. The negotiations with Baghdad failed and the resolution of 1990 called Iraq to withdraw its army from Kuwait within 45 day. Iraq refused to accept the UN conditions which led to the beginning of the military operation of the international coalition in Kuwait.
It took the international coalition a little bit more than a month to make Saddam Hussein withdraw the troops from Kuwait. This way, Kuwait was liberated and the war which lasted during January and February 1991 was over.